Corrosion of metallic equipment has a major impact on the operating costs of industrial facilities, the reliability and lifetime of equipments, human safety and the environment. This book provides an update of the knowledge on the understanding and prevention of the main phenomena causing corrosion and degradation of metallic materials in petroleum and process industries. The first section provides an in-depth description of the actions of the main corrosive environments. Eighteen chemical environments and the associated corrosion phenomena are presented in detail. Where are they found? Which materials are concerned? Which are the more important parameters that affect this type of corrosion? What are the possible solutions? Examples are systematically given to illustrate the phenomenon described. The second section describes the various techniques used in the petroleum industry to protect metallic materials, to detect and to monitor corrosion, in a manner readily accessible to non-specialist readers. The third section Iists the basic principles required to understand the structure and the behaviour of the main metallic materials as well as the various corrosion modes and other possible sources of damages. The chapters in this section will provide the non-specialist reader with basic information on metallurgy and corrosion. This book is intended for engineers and technicians who need a reference book, as well as materials science and process engineering students or simply readers wanting to understand the mechanisms involved in the corrosion of metallic materials, its prevention and treatment.
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Today, the impact of corrosion on society and the associated degradation of materials are far reaching owing in part to the increased complexity and diversity of materials systems, which include not only metallic materials but also ceramics, polymers, and composites, which are subject as well to environmental extremes. While legacy corrosion concerns remain, advancing technology and the need François Ropital (Author of CORROSION AND …